“…these attributes held the value of a claim and the person of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, served as evidence in their favour. As such, what a strong proof of God’s providence (rububiyyat) was given in the person of the Holy Prophet(sa)…”
I shall demonstrate how an illustration of each and every one of the the four attributes mentioned in Surah al-Fatihah—which is also known as the ‘Mother of the Book’ and the ‘Oft-repeated’ and which serves as a reflection and summary of the Holy Quran—could be seen exemplified in the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. In other words, these attributes held the value of a claim and the person of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, served as evidence in their kfavour.
As such, what a strong proof of God’s providence (rububiyyat) was given in the person of the Holy Prophet(sa). Who was concerned with the upbringing of a child who wandered the Meccan wilderness perplexed and who went from place to place bewildered with apparently no avenues of opportunity? Who knew that Islam would spread to the ends of the earth and that that child would later go on to have 900 million followers? Now one may observe, however, that there is no inhabited land where Muslims cannot be found.
Then, reflect over God’s attribute ar-Rahman (the Gracious), the purpose of which is to provide without any prior action on the part of man the means of success and other necessities. What immense graciousness of the Divine that even before the advent of the Holy Prophet(sa), God created the faculties and aptitudes that were needed. Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, played like normal children and Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, was born in the home of disbelievers. Yet both of them, along with other companions, joined the Holy Prophet(sa). It is as though divine graciousness had already prepared these individuals for the Holy Prophet(sa) well in advance. There are so many examples of God’s graciousness in favour of Islam that I cannot even mention them in detail. However, the nature of being unlettered (ummiyyat) naturally attracts divine graciousness (rahmaniyyat). Allah Almighty stated with regards to the Noble Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him:
ُ هوالَِّذي بعث فِي الاميين رسولا
He it is Who has raised among the Unlettered people a Messenger.
The objective of divine graciousness can be wonderfully understood by the following adage:
رک دے رکا دے اور ااھٹےن واال اسھت دے
Tend to my affair, have my work done, and give me someone to carry the burden.
This happened at the very advent of Islam. Islam is a child in the lap of God, as it were. It is God Himself who tends to all of its needs and provides the necessities that it requires. Its neck is not burdened by the favour of any creature. Then, ar-Rahim (the Merciful) is the attribute that does not allow efforts to go in vain. The opposite of this would be if someone remained occupied in efforts but still met failure. Now just observe how evidently divine mercy was manifested in favour of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. There was no contest in which he did not triumph.
Even small efforts brought forth immense fruit. His victories shone forth like flashes of lightening. Just look at the triumphs in Syria and Egypt. There is no human being on the face of the earth who attained success in the true sense, as did our Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.
Moving on, there is the divine attribute maliki yawm-id-din, i.e. master of reward and punishment, which refers to the giving of reward for deeds well done. Although this will fully be realised in the hereafter, and every nation states that reward and punishment will be given in the next life, but God has given a taste of this to the Muslims in this very world.
Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, came forth to offer himself in the scorching afternoon sun, leaving behind his home, along with his wealth and possessions. He cast a glance on all his property and said: ‘Let it perish, let it be lost.’ He detached himself from everything and joined the Holy Prophet(sa). He was bestowed the honour of becoming the first Caliph immediately after the Holy Prophet(sa). Then, Hazrat Umar(ra) became so replete with faith and sincerity that he was bestowed the honour of becoming the second Caliph.
In short, each and every companion of the Holy Prophet(sa) received great honour. The riches of the Caesar and Chosroes were handed over to them and they were married to their princesses. It is written that a companion of the Holy Prophet(sa) went to see the Chosroes in his royal court. The servants of the Chosroes arranged seats made of silver and gold before him in order to flaunt their pomp and splendour. The companion said, this wealth does not enamour us, for we have been promised that even the bangles of the Chosroes himself will come into our possession. As such, at a later time Hazrat Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, put these bangles on a certain companion so that the prophecy was fulfilled.
(Malfoozat vol.II, pp. 217-218)
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