“Though similar in nature, the fifth proof advanced by the Holy Qur’an in support of the existence of God is far more forceful in terms of the strength of its argument…Chance may have given birth to our lungs, but what brought oxygen into existence?”
(continued from yesterday)
“Blessed is He in Whose hand is the kingdom, and He has power over all things; Who has created death and life that He might try you — which of you is best in deeds; and He is the Mighty, the Most Forgiving. Who has created seven heavens in harmony. No incongruity canst thou see in the creation of the Gracious God. Then look again: Seest thou any flaw? Aye, look again, thy sight will only return unto thee confused and fatigued.” (Q67:2-5).
“There are those who say the entire universe came into existence by chance with matter spontaneously forming to bring everything into being. They turn to science to show it is possible the world came together and rotates on its axis on its own, without someone [to sustain it] and make it turn. However, in the above verses, Allah the Exalted answers this contention by saying that there is never a system of design to those things which come together through chance, rather they are marked by disorder.
“A painting is made using various colours, but if they were aimlessly splashed across a canvas, would a picture still emerge? Similarly, houses are made from bricks; however, if a group of bricks were thrown together, would a building still be formed? Even if it is hypothetically accepted that certain things arise from chance, the system and operations of the universe are such that no one can conclude they came into existence by themselves.
“Let us suppose for a moment the earth arbitrarily emerged from matter and humanity has its origins in chance, but even then, when one looks closely at human creation it is impossible to conclude that such a perfect genesis could emerge from a random cause. In our general experience of the world, we find that certain features or qualities of objects lead to their creator. When a person views a magnificent work of art, they recognise it has been created by a skilled artist and when a person reads a fine piece of literature they are able to discern it has been produced by a distinguished writer. The more coherent such a work shows itself to be the more apparent the greatness and magnificence of its maker or writer becomes. How then can people imagine that such a beautifully arranged world came into existence arbitrarily and by itself?
“Consider for a moment that where human beings have been invested with the capacity for development, they have also been given intelligence so that they can turn their thoughts into action. Further, because human beings need to labour for their sustenance, they have been endowed with such physical bodies as let them move around to gather provisions. If trees require nourishment from the ground, they have been given roots through which they are able to feed themselves; if lions are carnivorous animals, they have been given claws with which to hunt for prey; if horses and cows consume grass, they were made with necks which could easily bend down and pick at it; and if camels were meant to eat thorns and the leaves of trees, they were given tall necks. Did such a [complex] system emerge arbitrarily? Was chance able to discern that camels would require long necks, lions would need claws, trees would need roots and human beings would need legs?
“Is it plausible to believe that phenomena springing from chance would result in such a perfect design? Then if human beings were given lungs, they were also provided air with which to breathe; if their life was made dependent on water, it too was bestowed to them through the sun, clouds [and all other parts of the hydrological cycle]; if they were given eyes, then to help them function sunlight also exist so that they could see by means of it; if they were given ears, pleasant sounds were created; exquisite foods were made available along with our tongues and fragrances were present to stimulate our noses. Chance may have given birth to our lungs, but what brought oxygen into existence?”
(to be continued)
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