“…there are various reasons why these patients are more vulnerable. As we age, our body’s strength to fight off infection gets affected. This is the reason that elderly people are advised to self-isolate to prevent infection. Similarly, those who are diabetic especially those with poorly controlled diabetes may become more unwell with the virus as compared to a healthy person…”
…continued from yesterday…
Those who are vulnerable to Covid-19
There are some people who are vulnerable and at increased risk of severe illness from Covid-19 .In view of this, they need to be particularly strict in following social distancing measures advised by their government.
Currently, the UK Government has advised vulnerable people to follow strict isolation for 12 weeks (this may change in future depending on the circumstances).
There are various reasons why these patients are more vulnerable. As we age, our body’s strength to fight off infection gets affected. This is the reason that elderly people are advised to self-isolate to prevent infection. Similarly, those who are diabetic especially those with poorly controlled diabetes may become more unwell with the virus as compared to a healthy person. Those who have lung disease e.g. asthma or COPD (lung disease due to smoking) can develop complications from this illness due to obvious reasons.
A list of vulnerable people is given here for information.
The group of vulnerable people includes (as per GOV UK) those who are:
– Aged 70 or older (regardless of medical conditions)
– Under 70 with an underlying health condition listed below (this includes any adult instructed by their GP to get a flu jab each year on medical grounds):
– Long-term respiratory diseases, such as asthma, COPD (lung disease due to smoking), emphysema or bronchitis
– Chronic heart disease (such as heart failure)
– CKD or chronic kidney disease
– Chronic liver disease (e.g. hepatitis)
– Chronic neurological conditions (e.g. Parkinson’s disease, MS or multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease. Those with a learning disability or cerebral palsy
– Those who have diabetes
– Those who have spleen problems (an organ in your abdomen which helps the immune system) e.g. sickle cell disease or if you have had your spleen removed
– A weak immune system as a result of conditions such as HIV and AIDS, or medicines such as steroid tablets or chemotherapy (medications used for cancer treatment)
– If you are seriously overweight (a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or above)
– Those who are pregnant
Those who are “extremely” vulnerable to Covid-19
There are some clinical conditions that put people at even higher risk of severe illness from Covid-19. If you are in this category and live in the UK, NHS England should have directly contacted you with advice about the more strict measures you should take in order to keep yourself and others safe.
You should strictly follow the social distancing advice in full.
If you are in this category and have still not received a letter from NHS England, please contact your GP for advice.
According to GOV UK, people in this group include:
– People who have received an organ transplant (recently or in the past)
– People with cancer who are undergoing active chemotherapy
– People with lung cancer who are receiving radical radiotherapy
– People with cancers of the blood or bone marrow (such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma) who are at any stage of treatment
– People with cancer having immunotherapy or continuing antibody treatment
– People with cancer having targeted cancer treatments which can affect their immune system (e.g. protein kinase inhibitors or PARP inhibitors)
– People with cancer who have had bone marrow or stem cell transplant in last six months, or who are still taking immunosuppression drugs (which can affect your immune system)
– People with severe chest conditions such as cystic fibrosis or severe asthma, COPD (requiring hospital admissions or courses of steroid tablets)
– People with rare diseases and inborn errors of metabolism that significantly increase the risk of infections (such as SCID or Severe combined immunodeficiency, homozygous sickle cell).
– People on immunosuppression therapies sufficient to significantly increase risk of infection.
– Women who are pregnant with significant heart disease, congenital or acquired.
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