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Tuesday, October 20, 2020

ASPECTS OF MORALS

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”…The perfect example of all the good morals is the life of the Holy Prophet Mohammad, sallallaho alaihi wa sallam. That is why God says to him: innaka la’alaa kholoqin ‘azeem. At one time he kept them spell bound with his oratory and at another time he displayed his courage on the battlefield. His generosity awarded the hills of gold to the people; his kindness forgave those who deserved to be put to death. In short, the Holy Prophet, sallallaho alaihi wa sallam, was matchless and a perfect example of good morals…”

“I have seen a lot of people and I have studied them well and I have arrived at the conclusion that some of them are generous but at the same time they are men of quick anger; some are kind but niggardly; some get annoyed and beat others like anything but they are not humble at all. Some are humble and meek but they are not courageous at all, so much so that if they just hear of the bubonic plague or cholera, they get loose motions (that is the height of their fear). I do not say that whoever is not courageous is devoid of faith. Even among the Companions of the Holy Prophet, sallallaho alaihi wa sallam, there were some who could not stand the battles; the Holy Prophet excused them on this count.

There are many aspects of morals. I have expounded them in my speech that was delivered at the Conference of Religions (reference here is to the speech which was later on published in a book form under the title: Teachings of Islam). All the moral qualities are not to be met with in any one person, nor it can be said that there is any one who does not possess any moral quality whatsoever. The perfect example of all the good morals is the life of the Holy Prophet Mohammad, sallallaho alaihi wa sallam. That is why God says to him: innaka la’alaa kholoqin ‘azeem. At one time he kept them spell bound with his oratory and at another time he displayed his courage on the battlefield. His generosity awarded the hills of gold to the people; his kindness forgave those who deserved to be put to death. In short, the Holy Prophet, sallallaho alaihi wa sallam, was matchless and a perfect example of good morals. He was like a big tree under which thousands of people sit to enjoy its shade and also fulfil their various needs. They take its fruit, flowers, skin, leaves etc. Millions upon millions of people benefit from the Holy Prophet, sallallaho alaihi wa sallam and enjoy themselves as the chickens do under the wings of the hen. The bravest man on the battlefield was the person who was nearest to the Holy Prophet, for, he used to be at the most dangerous spot. Glory be to God, how excellent was he. During the battle of Uhud, he was in the thick of it. So much so that the Companions found it beyond their powers. But this courageous man the Holy Prophet was facing the enemy. Of course the fault did not lie with the companions. God, eventually forgave them their shortcoming. It was really intended to show how brave the Holy Prophet was. On a certain occasion when the sword was being wielded by the enemy with great force, the Holy Prophet was making proclamation of his prophethood; he was saying at the top of his voice: I am Mohammad, Messenger of Allah. It is said that on this occasion the forehead of the Holy Prophet had no less than seventy wounds; of course they were not serious.

This is how he displayed great morals.

On another occasion he possessed such a large number of goats and sheep that they exceeded the number possessed by Qaisar and Kisra. The Holy Prophet gave away all these goats and sheep to somebody who begged for something. Had he not owned them, how could he have given them away. If he did not have the authority of a ruler how could he forgive those who deserved to be put to death at the time of the conquest of Mecca; these were the people who had tortured the Holy Prophet and his followers, men and women. When he met them on the occasion of the conquest of Mecca he told them laa tasreeba alaikumul yauma. I have pardoned you today. If this occasion had not arisen, how could the Holy Prophet display this splendid moral quality. Tell me of any moral quality that the Holy Prophet did not possess and for that metter, the good moral in its extreme goodness.

(Malfoozat vol. 1, pp, 127)

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